Creating a focal point is very essential in an interior space. Most people do not create a focal point in the room, which makes it hard to take in the space as whole. Your mind is scattered all over the space, to that over sized sculpture in the corner and the shining chandelier in the centre of the ceiling, or an oversized painting on the wall side of the statue.
All these things might or might not go well together, but is not appreciated as much.
It’s easy to create a focal point in a given area. It’s basically the first thing you want them to see and admire as they enter. It could be a TV Unit, a designer chair or again a painting or a sculpture.
SELECT FABRICS AND TEXTILES BEFORE PAINTING
People often make the mistake of decide on wall paints instead of fabrics and textile s. This leads to a lot of hassle, because it is more difficult to find a matching fabric that goes with a particular shade of paint than to do it the other way round.
It is ideal to first look through samples of fabrics for rugs, carpets, pillows and sofas etc and then decide on a shade of paint that best compliments them.
Almost everybody like hanging some form of art on their walls.
Although the common mistake that people make is either overcrowding the wall, or placing artworks to gether that do not compliment each other, in respect to their styles, size , scale, texture or form.
In order to avoid this mistake, one must play with the numerous placement option before hammering that nail into their walls, and decide on which is the best option that goes together.
PRE-PLANNING YOUR PURCHASE AND BUDGETING
What most people do while buying furniture, fabric or materials is making it an impulsive purchase.
And because of this, maybe the pillows match the sofa, but the curtains do not complement the .pillows. Maybe the TV unit and the centre table really go well together but the dining table stands out completely.
Maybe the sofa is too oversized for the room or you realize that you really did not need that designer mirror that costed you a fortune.
In order to avoid such expensive mistakes, it is very important to plan your purchase, decide on styles and measure your room before going to shop.
SELECT FURNITURE & MATERIALS BEFORE PAINTING.
Just like it’s better to select fabric and textile before the painting process, it’s also more appropriate and essential to select furniture and materials before selecting the color of your wall.
The reason behind this is that there are various furniture styles, and material with different textures and patterns, which only go along with certain shades of paint.
Hence, it would be less of a hassle if you select your furniture and materials first.
Often, people think that hiring an Interior Designer will add up to their budget.
But that’s WRONG!!!
Interior Designer’s work out amazing designs within your budget and help you save a lot on repairs and redo’s due to expensive mistakes caused by lack of technical knowledge.
Hiring an Interior Designer, will in fact save you a lot of time because you tell them what you want and they work their way out in making it happen while you sit back and relax or do some other important stuff obviously.
Not only this, but due to their technical knowledge in their particular field, mistakes will be avoided saving you a lot of time in rectifying them.
Better Resources and Contacts
Another key advantage of hiring an Interior Designer would definitely be the reason of finding better resources and vendors for your materials and services that you would be needing to design your house. One could also get a fair discount on a lot of products that they wouldn’t otherwise.
Prevents Expensive Mistakes
Technical knowledge that an Interior Designer has, will let you avoid expensive mistakes..also every interior designer ensures that whatever material they sell has a certain guarantee over the near future, which let you save money for repairs too.
The major work of gettiong togetehr a proper design , finiding vendors and executing surely includes alot of hassle and stress… Why not let someone else whose better at that, do it for you?
A minimalist decor is the new trend of 2017 and is very easy to achieve.
It’s not only easy to maintain but it makes us more productive.
Here are some easy ways to go minimalist this year.
The first step in order to achieve a minimalist decor, is to get rid of unnecessary things.
To do so, it is ideal to start one room at a time, eliminate what you don’t need and most important everything you need should have its own place.
ORGANIZE This step comes together eventually once you find a place for everything.
Since you have already gotten rid of most things, you will realize how easy it is to organize.
QUALITY OVER QUANTITY Remember since you have very less pieces of furniture or home decor to showcase, you would have to be emphasize on the quality.
After all, an iconic chair would look better than a stack of ugly looking ones.
Its more like keeping it simple but significant.
You can also makes these pieces of furniture or home decor stand out by color blocking them.
However, It is ideal to use a subdued color scheme while going for a minimalist look.
DETAILS Little details in the decor really makes a difference and it’s easy to highlight them
For example –
We could have a distressed look on the side table or a really decorative arm detail for one of the sofas.
Maintain consistency and simplicity while focusing o details is very essential.
Remember, while going minimalist…less is more….
Line denotes movement,
because the eyes travel along the lines. It can also be combined to create
shapes, planes and forms. It is used to create width and height, based on the
appearance of activity, movement and flow.
Horizontal Lines –
Lines applied horizontally evoke
feelings of width, stability, grounding and direction. Small rooms can gain some
advantage from the use of these details to help make them appear wider than
they really are. Although, the use of strong horizontal lines tends to create
width and helps to direct the viewer to a particular focal point, it also makes
the ceiling of the space look lower than it actually is.
Lines applied vertically denote strength, elevation, stability, and
balance. The use of vertical lines gives an illusion of height. If you have
noticed, the curtains, doorways, windows are preferable tall with strong
vertical lines, contributing in the feeling of height in a space
Lines– Lines applied diagonally have a
typical sense of dynamic movement and transformation. This type of line
can direct the eyes upward or downward, and adds volume to the space. The Dog
legged staircase is an example of diagonal lines used in Architectural
Lines-Curved lines can either be free
flowing, arched, elliptical, or circular. Curved lines help the space have a flow,
which makes it playful and soothing to the eye. Curved Lines can be seen in
arched Doorways Windows, and Furniture.
two dimensional, i.e.; they have a specific height and width but no depth. In
interior Design, shapes can be used to add interest, style and theme to a
design. It can be incorporated in furniture, architectural features, artworks
and many more. Use of a specific shape can help in deriving repetition in the
design, which creates visual balance in the space. Geometric
Circles, Triangle, and Square, rectangles, hexagons and many other geometric
shapes can be seen in architecture and furniture designs.
Leaves, flowers, seashells, star shape are organic shapes. These shapes are
derived from nature and are free- flowing, which possess irregular and informal
Space speaks to the physical boundaries of a room. It speaks for the
floors, walls, ceiling, doors and windows as well, and is not based on basic
Space gives you limits, of what all can be placed in a room. It is
closely associated with ergonomics and anthropology of human beings and
furniture, so as to know how much space is needed for a sofa, and how much space
one would need for movement around it.
Space planning is essential tool to be mastered by a professional practicing
interior designing, hence the scope for people making space saving furniture
like wall hung beds, sofa cum beds, or a dining table that opens out to make
room for more people.A well planned space is a combination of both, function and design.Color, Lighting and Furniture design and arrangement play a key role in
defining a space, to be perceived as a small or large room
by Japanese designer Keiji Ashizawa. This wall shelf, designed by Japanese
designer, Keiji Ashizawa, is a sleek but functional space saving furniture.
Now that’s a
smart way of having a side table, when you don’t have enough space for the traditional
Form can be explained in terms of the shape of furniture, objects or the space
itself. Good form is achieved when the proportions and scales of a room complement
advised, the use of many differing forms in one room can be confusing, and
won’t bring out the theme as a design.
The element of texture defines the feel or appearance of an object.
Everything from fabric, furniture, walls, flooring to decorative
accessories bring different textures into a space. Texture adds depth and
interest. It can refer to rough or smooth finishes, glossy or matte surfaces,
soft or rough finishes.
be added by using rugs, or stoned flooring, wallpapers, velvet fabric chairs,
or textures paints on walls etc.
Color is the key element of interior design. It is used to create aesthetically
pleasing combinations and also works on a psychological level. It can affect
the mood and the feel of a room. Color, if used appropriately, can change the
perception of how big or small a room is.
literally transform a space by creating specific moods and looks. Using cool
and neutral colors, the space conveys a sense of serenity. Rich jewel tones
make a space luxurious . Incorporating reds, oranges and yellows into a room
add a sense of warmth.
color scheme –
In this type
of scheme, darker shades, grayer tones, and tints of the main color may be
included in the palette. However, one color is often paired with white or
a monochromatic room in red might use single shade of red
paired with white. Yet it might also include dark red upholstery fabric, pale
red walls, medium red draperies, and a patterned area rug that includes both
red and white. The window and door trim as well as the ceiling might be painted
color scheme –
directly across from each other on the color wheel are called complementary
Orange and blue,
Yellow and violet, Red and green are complementary colors. Complementary colors
used together provide extreme contrast.
The element of pattern is closely associated with color.Patterns are
created by using repetitive designs in fabrics,rugs, paint techniques
Pattern can be determined by the scale and density of the design. Combining designs of
different scale and density enable you to make a space visually interesting and
of stripes, checkers, and spiral designs etc. vertical stripes however gives a
sense of height to a room, the horizontal striped pattern would make the room
look wider. The spiral design will give a focal point to the room, at its
of flowers, plants and animal prints. Floral prints are usually
found on rugs, curtains, bedspreads and wallpapers.
pattern – It consists of repetition of an abstract pattern, or a particular design which
relates to the logo, or relates to the design theme.
Lighting can really create the mood and ambiance of a room as well as change
the way colors and textures can be seen. Lighting includes natural light
and artificial light.
There are 3
main types of artificial lighting and they are task lighting, accent lighting
and mood lighting. These are all very important in helping to create a
certain feel, mood and style in particular rooms.
Function implies on the usability of the space or the furniture. A good design is more functional than it is more lavish and eye pleasing. To determine the function, one needs to think of , as in how exactly is the space going to be used.
For example, if we have to design a bedroom, we first need to list down the functions happening in the bedroom, with regards to whose bedroom it is, like is it a girls bedroom? Do we need a jewelry closet too, or maybe a kid’s room, do we need to make the room childproof?
We also need to take care of the furniture designs and their sizes like the closet, the storage, the workspaces and the bed accordingly. If the closet would require a safe, or a tie hanger if it’s a boy’s room and the list goes on. Based on this, we can analyze how much space we have, and prioritize our space requirements and fit them in order.
Designing a space is more than just making it look really good, it’s about making a room work for you, to fulfill your needs. We need to take care of the furniture, the space planning and the lighting too. Now lighting would mean deciding if we need a task light at the workspace, or a lampshade near the bedside table. In order to design a space that functions, it’s important to know one’s wants and one’s needs and prioritize them.
But prioritizing doesn’t just mean cutting stuff out of your list because it doesn’t fit in the room. we simply need to make multi functional and space saving furniture and think creatively.
For instance, if this happens to be a small bedroom, we need to make a storage bed, so as to fit in the extra clothes or books, or maybe have a sofa cum bed, or a wall hung bed just to have that extra moving space.
Unity helps in conveying the design concept more effectively. Unity in a design not only compliments the theme and concept, but also helps in serving the functional purpose of design.
It helps us giving reasons to every design process, by asking why are we using a particular object? Does it justify the theme or are we just placing that Aztec print pillow cover, just because it looks nice.
Unity can be of two types. Visual unity – a group of design components all directly focusing on a common concept…
For eg – a repetitive use of the logo, promotes branding of the company, and creates a visual unity, in the design. Conceptual unity – a group of elements that indirectly imply the same concept.
For eg – the use of the colors in the logo as the color scheme for the space, will create an indirect implication of unity in the space.
Unity helps in avoiding mixed signals, and gives a unified space, which conveys the design concept not only effectively, but also helps the space to look like a whole and not a group of individual eye pleasing spaces.
Unity in a design can be achieved by contrast, alignment, repetition and proximity. While contrast adds variety, repetition helps in relativity of the space. When all elements are focused on a common design concept, it helps to bring about a unified designed space.
Harmony is closely related to Unity. Harmony in a design helps in achieving a unified message. It contains enough unity to make sense, but varied enough to be interesting. Harmony is created when the design is coordinated to express one theme and concept.
However, in this process, everything doesn’t have to be the same. For Instance, its not necessary to use the same color to achieve that unified message, one can use a green color along with the brown color, to explain the earthy theme in a design.
Color Schemes help in creating that unity in a space, without much hassle. This explains, that the elements should not necessarily be of the same color, size and texture to achieve harmony, but it should co – relate and tell us a story, make sense, compliment each other and not look out of place.One must plan and give it a thought to every design process, in terms of co-relation.
For example – If the flooring is not too loud, for the undertone walls? or If the ceiling design and the furniture layout co-ordinate? Little things like the style of the furniture and the light fittings also play an important role in creating harmony, because of course a vintage wooden sofa, with a modern steel and glass side table does not express one theme or design style.
Rhythm can be defined as an organized movement. Its all about visual pattern that is expressed with Repetition, Progression, and Contrast. Rhythm in an interior spaces, helps in achieving order, focus and and interest, that helps lead your eye from one space to another. Repetition – Repetition is probably the easiest way to achieve rhythm. One element is repeated more then once in a space. For Instance, that element can be a particular pattern, color, texture or shape.
However, it all depends on how well does one repeat the elements, and in what manner.
For instance, If a space is all white, except for the reception table, sofa and accessories like a vase, or a sculpture is in a bold color like red or blue. The repetition of the color, will create rhythm in the space, by leading the eye to all the elements in bold color,
Repetition can also be created by repeating two or more elements in a particular pattern. Progression –
Progression can be attained by implementing gradation. Gradation can be done in size or in color. One can use the red color in different elements while changing the gradation in color, which creates interest in an interior space. Contrast –
Contrast however is using elements which are contrast or opposite to each other.. Like a rectangle table, with circular o curvy pendant lights hanging above…..or a contrast in colors For instance, the yellow and blue.
Contrast usually helps to bring the space life, and helps you keep in interest and variety.
Emphasis can be achieved by creating a focal point in the designed space. While all other elements are placed in order to lead the eye to the focal point, A focal point is the center of attraction in the room. However, a focal point should be visually important enough in order to draw attention to it. Emphasis can be anything from Picture frames, Headboards, Beds to Doors, Ceiling, Windows etc. Emphasis not only make the space interesting but also help in hiding the weaker points in the space.
For Instance – If we have a dead passage leading nowhere straight, we can create a Wall of Fame, at the end of the passage, and emphasize it even more by using a different paint shade. The Wall of Fame, will create interest in the dead passage, by being the focal point of the passage area.
Emphasis are mainly of Two types: Architectural Emphasis – Emphasis of this kind, is usually about letting the room speak for itself. Architectural features in a space, like its Columns, Beams, Ceiling, Walls, Doors, Windows, Fireplace etc can be the focal point of the space. Dome Ceilings, Arched Doorways, or Symmetrical Columns create great focal points in a given space.
For Instance, one can enhance the beauty of the Columns, by stone cladding it, or giving a particular paint shade to all the columns. By making the architectural features the center of attraction of the space, Architectural Emphasis can easily be achieved. Object Emphasis – This kind of Emphasis, is usually about making the design flexible enough for years to come. Its a lot easier to change a sofa, or a painting or a TV Unit, than to change the position or shape of your columns, or your doors and windows. Ofcourse, one wouldn’t choose such kind of emphasis, if we already have great architectural features. Since, Architectural features are not found in every space.
Object emphasis could be a large painting on the wall, or a beautiful sculpture or a 1970’s dresser. It all depends on how you create that contrast, how does your focal point stand out.
However, a combination of both in the right amount, makes the space interesting and eye pleasing. SCALE
Scale is the most important principle of design, since it defines the function ability of a given space. Scale is considered, with respect to the anthropology of humans. The Computer desk or the chair your sitting on, are all made as per human scale. Everything from the doorways, the ceiling height, wardrobes depth and height, the sofa in your living room, are all made with consideration to the anthropology of humans.
For Instance, imagine your dining table at a higher level than the existing height. It will make it too difficult for you to eat food on it. You will need a higher chair, which you wont be able to sit comfortably either OR if your wardrobe, had a lesser depth than the standard size, you wouldn’t be able to hang any clothes.This is how important the principle of scale is in interior designing. It is nice to have an aesthetically good design, but its even more important to have a functional design.Because, what is the use of that good looking sofa anyway , if you cant really feel comfortable sitting on it.
Similarly, Furniture for a kid, is made as per the anthropology of a child of that age. That is the reason, a kindergarten bench is smaller than the bench at a high school.
Scale is closely related to Proportion of a room as well. If Scale is measured by the dimensions of a particular object as per the standard sizes, Proportion is the comparison of two objects as per their size, and if they relate to each other.
Although to further understand the difference between the two –
A small room, with an over sized L – shaped sofa, will look out of scale.
But a room, with an over – sized L shape sofa, and a very sleek small side table will look out of proportion.
However, playing with the scale and proportion of the room in the right amount and correct way, helps in creating a desired focal point in a given space. A designer with a good understanding of scale and proportion, is often named as a person, with a good eye of design, since not many people manage to get the scale and proportion right..
Balance in Interior Design refers to equalizing visual weight in a space. balance can be created with the help of color, size, shapes texture and patterns.
Balance can be achieved in three ways –
Symmetrical, Asymmetrical and Radical Balance. 1. Symmetrical Balance –
Usually found in traditional interiors, where the visual weight is equally split on both sides.
For instance, similar looking chairs on both sides of a coffee table.
Symmetry creates a feeling of stability, however, which could be dull and repetitive. Symmetry can be easily achieved by arrangement of furniture, pattern or color. 2. Asymmetrical Balance –
Unlike symmetrical balance, this type of balance doesn’t necessarily need to be equally split on both sides. For instance, A Sofa paired with two upholstered chairs.
Asymmetry creates interest, and usually used in modern interiors.
However, this is fairly difficult to achieve, but tends to bring out the space as more dynamic and gives a more casual feel to the space. 3. Radial Balance –
Visual Weight that is achieved by creating a focal point in the center directing inwards on outwards can help achieve Radial Balance in a given space.
For instance, A round dining table with chairs around it, or a spiral staircase are few of the examples.